DURATION : 2 DAY
TIMINGS : 3 Hrs a day
FEES: Rs. 1000/- per person
We deliver this training of workshop if any institute arranges
Highlights and schedule of Workshop
What is GRIEF
NORMAL REACTIONS TO GRIEF
TYPES OF NORMAL & ABNORMAL GRIEF
CAUSES OF ABNORMAL GRIEF
DETERMINANTS OF GRIEF
COMPLETION OF GRIEF
SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE GRIEF
FOUR TASKS OF MOURNING
A new understanding of the biopsychosocial impact of the death of a loved one has focused the grief-counseling field on identifying and treating people at risk for mental and physical complications as a result of their loss. Rather than using a one-size-fits-all approach to bereavement, like assuming all people will need the same amount of treatment, psychologists need to employ careful assessment and tailored treatments.
Most bereaved men and women cope effectively with stresses associated with profound loss, such as living alone and confronting death, can have a serious–even deadly–impact on a sizeable minority who have lost a loved one might be susceptible to “complicated grief,” a condition more severe than the average loss-related life transition, depression and anxiety.
Distinguishable from depression and anxiety, it is marked by broad changes to all personal relationships, a sense of meaninglessness, a prolonged yearning or searching for the deceased and a sense of rupture in personal beliefs. In light of that new understanding new ways to assess and treat severe grief that take into account a broader sense of how grief manifests itself; individual differences in the grief experience require custom-tailoring of treatment plans. Chronic and unremitting grief is typically associated with sudden, unexpected and traumatic death, the loss of children or young people, and the relative closeness of the bereaved person to the deceased. Particular risk factors include excessive dependency in the relationship with the decedent or a history of mental illnesses such as depression in the bereaved.
In the past, the mental health community defined varying reactions to grief, such as delayed onset of grief, as disorders. In particular, people who grieved in ways uncharacteristic for their cultural background were labeled as disordered.
But new diagnostic factors for complicated grief, such as changed relationships with family and friends, feelings of meaninglessness and ruptured beliefs, which are more apt to spur health-threatening grief instead of gaining closure or trying to say goodbye, the goal of grief counseling should be to foster a constructive continuing bond with a deceased person. This can be accomplished through remembering the good times, setting up an internal dialogue with a lost loved one, continuing to think of that person on a regular basis and imagining the person’s reactions to current life events and problems. In the immediate aftermath of the death, the bereaved struggling with grief-related symptoms may benefit from coaching in symptom-management techniques, such as relaxation skills and thought-stopping.
As adults, often like to childhood where nobody dies. We want to protect children from harsh realities such as death. We avoid discussing death with children, use euphemisms such as “sleeping” or “passed away” to describe death, and do everything we can to minimize a child’s contact with death and dying.Much as we would wish otherwise, children constantly face loss and death. Grandparents, and even parents and siblings, die.
Friends may face accidents or illnesses. Children, in fact, have a wide range of relationships – teachers, coaches, clergy, neighbours, relatives, and parents of friends are all part of their worlds. It is unrealistic to expect that in this pond of relations, death will not intrude. Many may have pets – animals they deeply treasure who may one day die. Most children have a significant encounter with death prior to adolescence.
Death intrudes in other ways, too. More than ever, children are exposed to death and loss through television, newspapers, radio, and the Internet. Movies and video games, no matter how much we monitor them, frequently expose children to images, often gory, of dying and death. Even children’s books, nursery rhymes, songs and jokes may have themes of death and loss.
We cannot protect children from death and loss.
From birth, children are constantly growing. This development is not only physical but also mental, emotional, social, and spiritual. As children grow, their ability to understand death and handle grief as well.
Adolescence is also a time when young people face significant separations. They part with childhood friends, give up their toys, and experience their first break-ups. When adolescents do experience death – especially the death of a friend or peer, it is likely to be both sudden and violent – the result of an accident or suicide. It is little wonder that the theme of death plays out so prominently in adolescent by music, videos, games, books and movies.
People often may experience grief in very physical ways – stomach-aches, headaches, and other complaints of pain and illness. While such physical manifestations of grief are common to all who grieve, they are often especially common to children. Sadness, loneliness, and yearning for the person who died are common expressions of grief. Grief also affects our cognitive processes – the ways we think. Grief affects behaviour as well often in very different ways. Some may avoid reminders of the deceased person while others want to speak about them, look at photographs and even hear music they associate with the person. It is common to become withdrawn.